Today’s topic is somewhat of an advanced one, but it’s not necessarily hard to understand. It’s about how to measure your hips.
Most of the pattern instructions I’ve seen, including American sewing patterns such as the “Big 4” and European sewing patterns such as Burda and Patrones, tell you to simply measure the widest part of your hips. In fact, I have similar instructions in my own Itch to Stitch patterns for simplicity’s sake.
Some years ago, I learned a better way to come up with a more accurate way for hip measurement when I was browsing on Frabjous Couture. Marina had a skirt draft-along; I didn’t draft along, but I did read through everything. That’s when I had an epiphany moment. It’s like seeing the entire Milky Way in a perfectly dark and still night. I wanted to smack myself for not realizing it earlier.
Simply put, the hip measurement is (or should be) related to how much your stomach protrudes. No, I am not calling anybody fat. Keep in mind that even a slim person can have a protruding stomach; it can be a matter of posture.
Let me try to illustrate the concept step by step. Let’s call my line-drawn lady Sue. She looks like a Sue to me.
Sue is pretty slim. The widest part of her hips is 39″. When I measured her, the tape measure of course is parallel to the ground. If I move the tape measure up or down, her measurement is smaller. Hence, 39″ is her widest part.
Now if I superimpose a very fitted skirt that fits her waist and her hips, it looks something like this.
You see that her stomach sticks out of the skirt, which can only happen in the line-drawing world. In reality, her belly would pull the skirt like this.
While a basic pencil or straight skirt have front darts to manage the increase in girth from the waist to the hips, they are not meant to handle a bump between the two points.
The beautiful Jessie from Jess Sew Fabulous graciously allowed me to use one of her photos to demonstrate how this looks like on a human being. Jessie is petite, slim and fit, so that shows you it could happen to the best of us.
Now, if you measure the hips a different way, then the result would be different. Put a rigid board vertically against the protruding stomach, and include it when measuring the hips. In Sue’s simple line-drawing world, it would look like this.
That increases Sue’s hip measurement by 1.5″. However, when she wears a skirt with a the measurement, the skirt is no longer pulled. But, now the waist could be slightly bigger (depending on the pattern and the size you choose), which can be solved pretty easily by taking deeper and shorter front darts. True, there’s more space below the belly too, but trust me, you don’t want the skirt to adhere to your shape there or the belly would be accentuated.
I found that using a 6″ x 24″ quilting ruler (affiliate link) as the board works well for me; it’s not too wide to obstruct the measurement on the sides, but long enough to extend from the stomach to the hips. And it’s also rigid enough. Marina from Frabjous Couture used something she made out of rigid paper for the task, approached using a different method.
This way of measuring the hips work for almost everyone. Marina mentioned that she found her old German drafting book talked about it (although I can’t find the reference anymore). Also my Japanese pattern making book, Fundamentals of Garment Design by Bunka Fashion Collage, also briefly mentioned it:
“Measure the position where the protrusion of the buttocks is greatest, but that position often tends to be below the abdominal protrusion at the front of the body. Because in garment design a measurement around the hips with some added room for the protrusion of the abdomen and the buttocks is required, when measuring apply a celluloid sheet to the abdominal area and measure around the hips including the abdomen.”
I don’t know what the heck a celluloid sheet is. But the idea is to include the empty space below the belly when measuring. It has an accompanying illustration, but I am afraid I can’t reproduce it here.
But why is it often OK to use the old method of measuring just the widest part of the hips? It could be:
- The hips of the garment already have a lot of ease. People often complain that the Big 4’s patterns have too much ease; perhaps that’s why they do it. It’s easier to make the clothes smaller after the fact, but impossible to make it bigger.
- Some skirt styles make the hip measurements irrelevant. If it’s a circle skirt or flare skirt, the skirt flares immediately below the waist. Or the waist of the garment is very low and does not cover the protruding area.
- Your body type may be different. Perhaps the protruding portion of your stomach goes to the hip level, so you don’t have that empty space in the front. Or you don’t have a protruding stomach at all.
If you are making a slim pencil skirt with minimal ease, this is the right way to do the measurement.
I hope it’s helpful!