Contour waist band experiment

Slam-dunk Contour Waistband: The Secret of Keeping Your Pants Up – Part 1

There are so many more tips and techniques I wanted to include in my Emily Culottes pattern, but the instructions would go from “detailed” to “ridiculously long.” No one likes to read hundreds of pages of pattern instructions. At least not me. So I decide to put them in my blog here. That way, everyone can benefit from them, since these tips and techniques are not unique to Emily Culottes; they are applicable to other patterns as well.

The first topic I’d like to cover is contour waistband. Yes, Emily Culottes feature a contour waistband that sits at your natural waist. I want to say I invent it, but I didn’t. You can see contour waistbands on many nice ready-to-wear garments. And there are many patterns out there use contour waistbands, especially designer patterns, such as these pants from Claire Shaeffer’s Custom Couture Collection and Alice + Olivia.

If you have been sewing garments for a while, you probably know contour waistband is a great feature. But have you really sat down and thought about what it all entails?

By definition, contour waistband is on the bias. It’s not possible to have a contour waistband all on the straight grain since it has a curved shape. Because it’s on the bias, it has lots of “give”–essentially, to a degree, it contrasts and expands. Last I looked, most of our waists are not straight-up-and-down, so a bias/contour waistband fits us better and makes us feel more comfortable. And it’s all done very subtly and elegantly. You don’t see the gathers all around like an elastic band. It just secretly follows the contour (!!!) of your shape.

Contour Waist Band on the bias

Contour waistband always includes a bias portion because of its shape.

 

Waistband, by no means, is the only part of a garment that takes advantage of the bias quality. Dresses are widely made on the bias. Think about the 1930s evening gowns that drape beautifully. Even sleeves can be made on the bias.

1932 Chanel Evening Dress

This 1932 Chanel Evening Dress is cut on the bias. (Credit: collections.vam.ac.uk)

 

Sleeve cut on the bias

Sleeve cut on the bias (Credit: mezzocouture.com)

 

You might say “That’s terrific. Let’s use the bias grain on everything.” Well, with great power comes great responsibility. Because of this flexible nature of fabric on the bias, it can give you flexibility where you don’t want it too. In the case of a contour waistband, your pants or skirt might fall off your waist if there isn’t something to prevent it from expanding at the very top. What you want is a mostly flexible waistband that expands and contrasts according to your shape, but is restricted somewhere to prevent it from slipping down.

That’s where stabilization comes into play. Again, I didn’t invent this technique. I wish I did, but I didn’t. I am just putting it all together so you can see it in one place.

I did a little experiment. I have a set of contour waistbands here. The front measures 7 3/4″ (19.7 cm) and the back measures 7 1/4″ (18.4 cm) in the pattern pieces. Since these together compose half a waistband, the total waist measurement is exactly 30″ (76.2 cm). Note that the 3/4″ (1.9 cm) side seam allowances and 3/8″ (1 cm) back seam allowance are excluded in the measurements.

 

Sleeve cut on the bias

The measurement around the waist is 30″ (76.2 cm).

 

I sewed up several waistbands based on these pattern pieces. But I did not use any stabilization techniques. All of them are properly interfaced using the same type of no-stretch woven interfacing. They are also understitched like in a real waistband. I was very careful not to stretch the fabric while stitching.

The first one uses a very beefy denim with 2% Lycra. The resulting measurement of this waistband is 31 1/2″ (80 cm). A whooping 1 1/2″ (3.8 cm) larger than the pattern pieces.

bias contour waist band experiment - denim

This denim waistband is stretched to 31 1/2″ (80 cm).

 

The second contour waistband uses a linen with no elastane in it. The weave is a lot looser than the denim above. The resulting measurement of the waist is 31 1/4″ (79.4 cm). Surprisingly, it stretches a little less than the denim, even though the weave is looser. My explanation is that this fabric doesn’t have lycra, and the denim does.

bias contour waist band experiment - linen

The linen waistband is stretched to 31 1/4″ (79.4 cm).

 

The last contour waistband uses a wool blend. Not only it has 2% Lycra in it, the twill/wale gives it a “spongy” feel. The resulting measurement is 31 3/4″ (80.6 cm). It’s 1 3/4″ (4.4 cm) larger than the pattern pieces, which is sufficient to make your pants sliding down half way to your hip.

bias contour waist band experiment - wool blend

The wool blend with Lycra fabric has a spongy feel to it. The end measurement is 31 3/4″ (80.6 cm), an entire 1 3/4″ (4.4 cm) larger than the pattern pieces.

 

A 1/2″ (1.25 cm) of ease is about enough to accommodate movement and the difference between a full and empty stomach. A 1 1/2″ (3.8 cm) of ease will move your pants downward for sure. The conclusion of this experiment is that some control of the waist is necessary.

Since these are freshly sewn, so the stitches are nice and tight. The likelihood is that the waist will continue to expand when you wear them due to the heat and moisture of your body. The low-hung pants/skirt look is not necessarily bad if that’s what you are after (although it’s a problem if you don’t know how much it will continue to stretch). If you want your pants/skirt to sit up high on the waist but they end up on your hip, the look can be frumpy.

Now we have defined the problem. Let’s look at the solutions next.

Until next time, happy sewing!

Next: Slam-dunk Contour Waistband: The Secret of Keeping Your Pants Up – Part 2

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